Balitang America Staff, ABS-CBN News Bureau
Jan. 29, 2014
REDWOOD CITY, Calif. – During his State of the Union Address, President Obama revealed policies he can implement by executive order which include: creating a retirement savings program for lower-income workers; raising the minimum wage for workers hired by firms with federal contracts; and launching partnerships with major companies so thousands of schools can access better technology.
The President’s proposals that would need congressional approval are: increasing the minimum wage nationwide; and renewing expired unemployment benefits.
An executive order is a directive by the President that has the power of federal law.
It is used by presidents to run and manage the branch of government they control.
All US presidents have used this directive.
On average, President Obama has signed 37 executive orders a year. Ronald Reagan had more, with 48 on average per year, while George W. Bush averaged 36 per year.
Can executive orders be overturned?
Congress may attempt to overturn an executive order by passing a bill that opposes the order.
But the president can veto that bill, and Congress would then need to override that veto to pass the bill.
Also, the Supreme Court can declare an executive order to be unconstitutional.